While a comprehensive eye examination can determine for certain if you have a cataract forming, there are a number of signs and symptoms that may indicate a cataract. Among them are:
- Gradual blurring or hazy vision where colors may seem yellowed
- The appearance of dark spots or shadows that seem to move when the eye moves
- A tendency to become more nearsighted because of increasing density of the lens
- Double vision in one eye only
- A gradual loss of color vision
- A stage where it is easier to see without glasses
- The feeling of having a film over the eyes
- An increased sensitivity to glare, especially at night.
A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear crystalline lens of the eye. This prevents the lens from properly focusing light on the retina at the back of the eye, resulting in a loss of vision. A cataract is not a film that grows over the surface of the eye, as is often commonly thought.
Cataracts are most often found in persons over the age of 55, but they are also occasionally found in younger people, including newborns.
Currently, there is no proven method to prevent cataracts from forming. If your cataract develops to a point that daily activities are affected, you will be referred to an eye surgeon who may recommend the surgical removal of the cataract.
Prescription changes in your eyewear will help you see more clearly until surgery is necessary, but surgery is the only proven means of effectively treating cataracts. The surgery is relatively uncomplicated and has a very high success rate.
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